For decades, Memorial Day has long been a solemn occasion.
Besides reflecting on those brave souls whose lives were lost in service to their country, the holiday has also signaled the beginning of swimsuit season and with it the sobering reflection of the state of ones body as winter weary thighs and middle-aged spreads come out of hibernation.
In 1965 Winnie Roberts had one such sobering experience, bravely confronting herself in the harshly lit confines of a department store dressing room.
One glance in the triple view mirror and poor Winnie did a double take. The new slim fashions were not for her. Crestfallen, she knew in her heart that “her size” just wasn’t “her size” any more. Suddenly for the formerly winsome Winnie, dressing up wasn’t as exciting as it used to be.
Hangers filled with this seasons must-have figure flattering swimsuits in stripes , ruffles and pleats beckoned forlornly.
As she struggled unsuccessfully to wiggle into a new Rose Marie Reid swimsuit in unforgiving Banlon, her reflection in the dressing room mirror confirmed what she already suspected.
It was time for Winnie to whittle her waist.
There came a time in every cold war housewife’s life when the safety of the containment policy offered by a good girdle simply wasn’t enough to keep those pesky curves in line.
That time had come for Winnie.
Now that she was nearly 38 and officially middle-aged, the pounds didn’t come off so easily. If she wanted to compete with the Pepsi Generation, she had to do more than get with the now taste of Tab !
Is This the Day You finally Do Something About Your Weight?
Back home as she carefully dusted the Kimball upright piano, dousing the pecan wood with aerosol Pledge, Winnie’s eyes fell on the array of framed family photos that adorned the top of the piano.
Glancing at a photo from a trip to a ski weekend at Hunter Mountain with her husband Jack from several winters ago, she marveled at how slender she was in the glow of the fire. Her face darkened musing “Would he think so now?…..”
That settled it. It was time to do something about her weight. She pledged to go on a diet.
But true dieting takes will power. Those temptation hours between meals when hunger sets in, are the undoing of so many wishful weight watchers.
And all those calories to count could make a gal dizzy.
Like millions, Winnie had read Dr.Herman Taller’s hugely successful 1961 bestseller Calories Don’t Count.
But even if she didn’t have a head for figures ( as her hubby always pointed out), she figured the good doctor was dead wrong. Calories did count.
Lucky for her there was no shortage of new diet products to help m’ lady in her battle of the bulge.
Best of all, she could leave the counting to someone else.
By 1965 over 5 million had been helped with that mid-century miracle – Metrecal.
It was while flipping through her latest issue of Ladies Home Journal that help came to Winnie. There nestled between tempting recipes for gay, festive cakes and hot day casseroles was a double page ad for Metrecal.
“Is this the day You do something about your weight?” the ad’s headline asked the reader.
“If you are overweight, if your clothes don’t fit right, if you don’t even feel as attractive as you should, isn’t it time you considered Metrecal? ” The copy seemed to speak directly to her.
Like most savvy gals, Winnie had heard about Metrecal. Since it was introduced in 1959, Metrecal had changed the dieting habits of the nation. The 225 calorie meal replacement drink taken 3 times a day melted the pounds in a jiff.
As the ad explained: ” Of all the ways people have tried to lose weight nothing approaches the record success of Metrecal dietary. Gave Americans a new solution to the dilemma of having to choose between embarrassment and danger of overweight on the one hand, and the hunger monotony and uncertainties of dieting on another.”
Winnie was ready to turn her back on Lobster Newburgh for her figures sake and join the Metrecal for Lunch Bunch, sipping her way back to her former slenderella self.
Sip Yourself to Slenderness
By the early 1960’s several liquid diet meal replacements appeared to help sip your way to slenderness.
But the granddaddy of them all was Metrecal, a product of pharmaceutical company Mead Johnson & Co.
Along with a generation of busy mothers, housewives like Winnie Roberts had long counted on Mead Johnson & Co, makers of Pablum and Dextri Maltose, to feed her babies.
Purchased at the recommendation of their family doctor these ready mixes were quite useful in plumping up baby. offering “an adventure for baby’s first solid food.”
By the fall of 1960, these same mothers were buying a new Mead Johnson product, a powder called Metrecal, which promised just the opposite-to take those unwanted pounds off mama!
Now women could confidently begin their own adventure with the same peace of mind inspired in millions by the name Mead Johnson & Company.
Metrecal- A Marketing Miracle
In the great American marketing tradition, Metrecal was really an old product re-marketed to the newly diet conscious population.
Mead Johnson & Company was best known for inventing Pablum in 1931, a nutritional powder that could be mixed with water or milk and spoon fed to young babies. For decades the cereal had long been prescribed for millions of babies by thousands of doctors
But nearly 25 years later, concerned that the company was almost exclusively identified with baby products, they set up a research department to develop a diverse line of products.
Savvy researchers at Mead Johnson stumbled across an invalid’s food called Sustagen. A mix of skim milk powder, soybean flour, corn oil, minerals and vitamins, Sustagen- a precursor to today’s Boost- was designed for hospital patients unable to eat solid foods.
It worked so well at giving patients the feeling of having eaten a solid meal and diminishing between meal hunger pangs, that Mead Johnson decided to rename it Metrecal and market it as a weight-reducing food. The only change was to recommend a limit of 900 calories of Metrecal a day.
Naturally as a drug company, Mead Johnson wanted to keep the good will of doctors who prescribed most of their other products, so they wisely started advertising Metrecal in the American Medical Association Journal, eventually branching out into general markets. Wisely ending each advertisement with a plug to “see your physician” about weight problems, gave Metrecal that all important AMA stamp of respectability that most other diet concoctions lacked.
Your Doctor Knows Best
Like most homemakers, Winnie would never dream of starting any slimming regime without the advise of her trusted family doctor.
Once she could eliminate any glandular problem as the cause for her excess weight she was free to enjoy imbibing on the 900 calorie, full-bodied goodness of Metrecal with her doctors blessing.
Like most physicians, her doctor was very boosterish on the canned beverage as an aid to slimming down. Smiling paternally, he patted Winnie’s hand advising her to “take a can, and take it easy!”
Sternly he also instructed her to avoid undue exercise as part of her slenderizing program as it was counterproductive.
Like many doctors, he felt it was of very little value since it was believed that exercise spurred ones appetite. So Winnie would leave Jack La Lanne and his jumping jacks and the good vibrations of a slimming belt at Vic Tannys to others.
As Metrecal confirmed “Your physician is the best source of counsel and guidance in problems of weight loss and control.”
Metrecal or Martinis
Women weren’t the only ones watching their waistlines.
If Winnie’s husband jack wanted to cut a fine figure in his cabana set, he might have to do a bit of dieting himself and Metrecal was there to help him too.
Tapping into the manly world of 3 martini lunches, it wasn’t long before Mead Johnson started targeting men too, expanding their market as quickly as American waistlines grew.
Metrecal was originally introduced as a powder, mixed by hopeful dieters with water or skim milk. Soon it was available as canned Metrecal which was marketed for the bloated businessman. A 1965 print ad stated “Not one of the top 50 US Corporations has a fat president!”
If Jack started to develop a bit of a paunch, Mead Johnson suggested he keep those canned Metrecals refrigerated in a desk drawer for his noonday meal joining the Metrecal for lunch bunch.
And if he took clients to lunch, he could rest assured, Metrecal was served up the finest establishments. While clients could imbibe on a Blue Hawaii at Trader Vics, the tiki themed restaurant also offered a 325 calorie lunch which was 1.5 ounces of rum mixed with nutmeg and Metrecal.
A Deluge of Diet Drinks
Metrecal was so successful it spawned nearly 40 imitators from other large companies: Sears Roebuck brought out Bal-Cal, Quaker Oat’s pitched Quota, Jewel Tea Company had Diet-Cal; even deep discounter Korvette’s hawked Kor-Val. to name just a few.
Winnie’s head was swimming from the choices.
If reliable Elsie the Cow who was apparently watching her waistline too, claimed her product “Ready Diet” was “the happiest tasting drink,” maybe she should try Borden’s rich and creamy elixir. Their scientific blend of 900 full-bodied calories was ready to drink from the gold carton with no measuring, mixing, dissolving or diluting.
Focusing on the women’s market, Pet Milk’s popular Sego stuffed more protein and 2 more ounces into the same 900 calories featured by Metrecal.
“Those temptation hours between meals when hunger sets in are the undoing of many a wishful weight watcher. Now new Sego diet food promised it had built-in help for nibblers. Its secret came from added protein: “10% more than other 900 calorie diet foods. Because protein is consumed at a slower rate,” they claimed, “ it stays with you longer, helping to delay hunger.”
Sego promised you would forget you were dieting with their 9 delicious flavors. “This is hardship?” they asked the reader. “These rich flavored drinks tasted right out of a soda fountain.”